Skip to Content

Using Vacuum Gauges to Tune an Oil Burner

resize GarBerFilter 001

Vacuum Gauges Paint a Picture for You

By painting a picture I simply mean that when you use this instrument it will reveal some much needed information when diagnosing a fuel related service call. I have had the privilege of learning this, a number of years ago and have had more of a privilege sharing this knowledge with many of my fellow technicians around the world. Thanks to I now have the privilege of sharing this information with you.

This will give you the anticipated vacuum you should expect when you know the given line length, diameter and GPH, plus the height from the bottom of the tank to the middle or shaft of the fuel unit. Let's look at an example of a manufactured home 14' x 70' and lets say the fuel line is 50' of 3/8ths line from the tank to the fuel unit and that the lift is about 4'. Here is how you can determine the vacuum reading you should be seeing. If you haven't already, you're going to want to make a vacuum gauge, a part of your tool arsenal. As my friends at Bacharach would say, "If you don’t test you don’t know."

L x Q = ? + H = V

L = Total length of fuel line.

Q = Fuel line diameter x GPH.

H = Total lift from the bottom of the tank to the middle of the fuel unit.

V = Vacuum hg. inches mercury.

(Q) (.0086 x .60 GPH = 0.00516) (H) (.75 x 4 = 3)

(L) 50’ x (Q) 0.00516 = 0.258 + (H) 3 = (V) 3.00258

Three inches of vacuum is well within the limits of the fuel unit, however if the fuel unit constantly needs to be bled and the vacuum is 1" this would tell you that you have an air or oil leak. A vacuum higher than 3" would indicate there is a restriction in the system caused by a kinked or plugged line, plugged fuel filter or fuel gelling, etc. See how easy that was? :)

You'll find carrying a small calculator and this information with you on the job will prove to be very useful.

"The knowledge we share today will make a better industry tomorrow."

Your friend in the industry,

Alan R. Mercurio


Leave a comment

Related Posts

Freezing Univentilator Coils

I had written a story for Plumbing & Mechanical a while back about a fella in Canada who sent me this email: "Our problem is that five out of hundreds of univentilator co...

Published on 05/08/2023 3:15 PM by Dan Holohan
Posted in Steam Heating
near boiler piping
Dry Steam Is The Goal

I love all the advances taking place in the world of hydronics, but I’m still seeing plenty of steam systems out there in our older cities, so knowing about dry steam wil...

Published on 03/01/2023 10:29 AM by Dan Holohan
Posted in Steam Heating